Start small and grow only what you know you and your family will eat. If planted in the ground, a 10 foot x 10 foot (100 square foot) garden is a manageable size. Choose 3 to 5 of your favorite vegetables and buy 3 to 5 plants of each. If planted on a raised bed, a suitable size for beginners is 4 ft x 4 ft or 4 ft x 8 ft.
Like all plants, vegetables need the sun to start photosynthesis. Vegetables that grow faster need full sun Vegetables that grow faster need full sun at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight a day, unobstructed by trees, shrubs, or fences. This is why you won't have much success if you plant sun-loving vegetables in shaded spaces. If your garden offers partial shade, plant vegetables and herbs that tolerate those conditions, such as lettuce, kale, chard, spinach, scallions, cilantro, parsley, and thyme.
Tubers, such as carrots, radishes, and beets, can also work if your site receives at least 4 hours of direct sunlight a day. Or if you have a sunny patio, switch to potted gardening. That way, you can place sun-loving vegetables and herbs, such as tomatoes, cucumbers, beans, basil, dill, and rosemary, where they do well. Place plants in a single row in rows at least 18 inches apart so you can easily walk between them.
This approach makes more sense for large orchards, since rows facilitate the use of mechanical equipment, such as cultivators, to combat weeds. The downside is that the space reserved for trails reduces the amount of vegetables you can plant. Increase the productivity of your garden with intensive cultivation, which means you can separate two or three plants together in a bed approximately 4 feet wide (also known as a wide row). Seeds are sown or transplants are placed so that their leaves are barely touched when they mature.
This approach, which uses almost every square inch of prepared soil, works well for most types of vegetables, except those that get tangled, such as cucumbers. The disadvantage of this method is that you have to weed by hand because the plants grow close together. I recommend using a flat blade shovel (mine has a short D-shaped handle that makes the job easier) to cut the grass into strips that are only slightly wider than the blade of the shovel. Start on the outside of the garden and work your way to the center, cutting it into strips.
You don't have to cut deep; maybe about 3 inches. Spread an inch of compost over the soil after removing the grass. It may be compost that you made yourself, if you already have a container. It can be foliar fertilizer made with leaves collected by many municipalities in the United States.
UU. Give it away for free (call your local municipality and ask them if they do it; you'll be surprised). Or it could be compost you buy per bag or per truck at your local nursery or garden supply company. Hell, you can even buy compost in bags online.
I like worm chestnuts: Wholly Cow, Coast of Maine, Bumper Crop, Blue Ribbon or Wiggle Worm. Yes, I know this is a controversial step, especially for experienced gardeners who have decided not to change the soil anymore to avoid the destruction of soil microbes and other types of soil life. However, when you're starting a new garden in an area previously covered with grass and need to start growing quickly, that's a step you'll want to take. Grass areas become compacted and, as you turn the soil when you install a new vegetable garden, it quickly loosens it and causes compost to fall closer to the root area of future plants.
Starting a vegetable garden? Dream big, but start small and expand as you gain experience. Elevated beds make efficient use of space and reduce maintenance to a minimum. A well-maintained 10×10 bed will perform better than a 25×25 bed that you can't keep up with. Plot designs can vary in shape and size, so feel free to use the space you've decided to allocate to it.
Seedlings start to arrive according to their growing area, so check with your local garden center about their deliveries and try to catch them early for the best options. I'll show you the 10 easiest vegetables to grow, plus 5 that I think you should avoid as a first-time gardener. Depending on the seeds you've sown, you should start to see how much of the germination takes place in about a week to 14 days. Below is a chart that shows which vegetables are best planted by seed and which should be planted through transplants purchased at a nursery or farmers market.
Purchased seedlings may have already gone through this process if they have been stored outdoors in the garden center. Living in the city versus the rural one can make a very significant difference in the amount of space available for a garden. Unless you live in the southern United States, wait to grow peppers until you have a few gardens under your belt. This is the same technique you'll use for your own seeds, once they start to grow larger than their seedlings, initial pots and have true secondary leaves.
There are quite a few factors to consider before installing a permanent planting space and, in fact, you may decide that you don't want anything permanent, after all, depending on your living situation and your property's capabilities to maintain growing vegetation. As a new gardener (or even if you're an experienced gardener starting a new garden in a new location), you'll want to start small. The first way to maximize garden space is to move from traditional row planting to 3- or 4-foot wide raised beds. Especially when you have some of the incredible basic horticulture tips for beginners that I'm going to share with you below.
As mentioned earlier, choosing 8 to 12 plant varieties for your first experimentation with horticulture is the best way to help you learn on the go. Start planting seedlings in a protected area with only a few hours of sunlight per day and increase your exposure to sunlight throughout the day for the next 7 days, also reducing watering (but never allowing them to wilt). . .